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广岛核爆经典照片并非真的蘑菇云
发布时间:2022-08-03 22:47
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本文摘要:Later this week,presidentobamaplanstovisitamemorialinhiroshima,Japan, thatdisplaysalargephotographofthecity’sdestructionsevendecadesago.thestrikingimageistypicallyidentifiedasamushroomcloud earexo llowingsmokefromaragingfirestorm .美国总统奥巴马将

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Later this week,presidentobamaplanstovisitamemorialinhiroshima,Japan, thatdisplaysalargephotographofthecity’sdestructionsevendecadesago.thestrikingimageistypicallyidentifiedasamushroomcloud earexo llowingsmokefromaragingfirestorm .美国总统奥巴马将于本周晚些时候采访日本广岛纪念馆,那里有一张显示70年前遭受核空袭情景的大照片,一般被指出是蘑菇。但核专家表示,图中显示的只不过是熊火焰冒出的烟。“This is not a mushroom cloud,”said Richard L. Garwin,anotedbombdesignerandlongtimeadvisertowashingtonnnucleararms.Kevin Roark, aspokesmanatthelosalamosweaponslaboratoryinnewmexico,which made the Hiroshima bomb,known as Little Boy,saidtheimageshowed“asmokepe 空袭广岛的原子弹“轻男孩”是该实验室生产的。militaryexpertssaythecloudanditsdarkshadowcanbeseenasakindofsundialthatsuggestswhenanamericanplanetookthephotograph.johncoohn an expert on the Hiroshima bomb,putthetimeasjustbeforenoon-morethanthreehoursafterthestrikeonthemorningof广岛原子弹研究专家约翰科斯特马伦拍摄The towering plume,he said in an email,“ismostdefinitelynottheoriginalmushroomcloud,which had long since dissipated .”Mr.Roark said the if it were nuclear in nature,wouldbelargerthantheoneresultingfromthemostpowerfulbombtheunitedstateseverdetonated, whichwasathousandtimesstrongerthanlitted thisisthemostfamousimageofthehiroshimamushroomcloud,whichwastakenminutesaftertheenole droppedthebombthatchangedhistory.thephotographerwastheplane’stailgunner, Bob Caron是anativeofbrooklyn.the Photographetookshowsthe Areanearthe Groundbeginning toboilwithdarksmoke .这是广岛蘑菇云最有名的照片,B-B 摄影者是飞机的尾炮手,土生土长的布鲁克林人鲍勃卡伦(Bob Caron )。

从他拍摄的这张照片可以看出地面附近的区域照亮了大量的黑烟。“I saw fires springing up,”MR.Carononcerecalled .“Pretty Soon, itwashardtoseeanythingbecauseofthesmoke." "“快,烟太浓,什么也看不见了”hiroshimawasatinderbox.survivorssaidpaper,wood,andblackous 幸存者说纸、木材和窗帘着火了。火灾持续了几英里。

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After the war, theunitedstatesconductedmorethan 200 testsofnucleardevicesintheatmosphereandcarefullyphotographedtheirmushroomclouds.one of the poo y Mike,pictured here .战争结束后,美国在大气层开展了200多次核弹测试,仔细拍摄蘑菇云。其中最有威力的核弹之一的代号是ivymike(ivymike ),这里有它的图。《The Effects of Nuclear Weapons,》a federal guide, saidthemushroomcloudstypicallyreachedtheirmaximumheightsinabout 10 minutesandcouldlinger“foraboutanhourormorebeforebeingdispor 根据库克《核武器的影响》 (theeffectsofnuclearweapons )的说法,蘑菇云一般在10分钟左右上升到仅次于高度,“被风吹走前可以维持约1小时以上”。thefirstthingavisitorseesatthehiroshimapeacememorialmuseumisalargeblowupofthetoweringcloud.itstretchesfloortoceiling.ploortor to right-handcorneridentifiesthesceneas“Hiroshima (Atomic ) strike .”otherwise, 去广岛和平纪念资料馆(Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum ),首先看到的是高耸的烟雾图像,从地面到天上右下角写着“广岛核攻击”。

即使没有字,这张画像也是模糊的,那是不利的前奏,拉开了博物馆展示的吞噬之旅的序幕。themuseumdistributestheimagetonewsagenciesthatgivethephotograph’soriginalsourceastheunitedstatesarmy是which in 1945 rantheairfow theassociatedpresscalledtheimageamushroomcloud, asdidacaptionforthea.p.photographaccompanyinganarticleinthenewyorktimesaboutmr.Obama’simpendingvisit .这个博物馆最近美联社了这个图像(ASS 在图中被称为蘑菇云,奥巴马采访广岛的报道《纽约时报》中说,为了美联社的照片而取得的图解也是蘑菇云。

So too,“The Making of the Atomic Bomb,”a 1986 book that received a Pulitzer, describedtheimageas《themushroomcloudoverhiroshima .》1986年普利策奖图书《原子弹的修建》 (themakingoftheatomicbomb )也称此图为“广岛海面蘑菇” Mr. Coster-Mullen,author of “Atom Bombs” and,in his youth,APHotograPHerforthedailynewsinbeloit wis.calledtherecurringmisidentificationacaseofsimpleconfusion.《原子弹》 (ATOM BOMBS )的作者科斯特马伦年轻时在威斯康星州贝罗伊《每日新闻》 (Daily n “it’s dramatic,”hesaidofthephotograph .“peoplecompareittothewimpylittlemushroomcloudandsay 3360‘LET’SSS“人们把它和小蘑菇云比起来, 我知道这相当大。

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